In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to **define a percentage** in Python. We’ll examine different approaches to handle and manipulate percentages to make calculations and display results.

### Step 1: Basic Concepts

In Python, a percentage can be represented as a **float** or **decimal** type. The percentage value is used to store values between 0 and 1 (or sometimes 0 and 100). It is then multiplied by 100 to obtain the percentage representation.

When working with percentages in Python, you might come across these two ways of expressing a percentage:

– Decimal (0 to 1): e.g., 0.25 represents 25%

– Integer (0 to 100): e.g., 25 represents 25%

Remember that Python already has the necessary modules for working with numbers, so you won’t usually have to worry about importing any additional libraries.

### Step 2: Defining a Percentage

Before you perform calculations with percentages, first define the percentage value. You can do this by using a **float** or **int** type and dividing it by 100.

For instance, let’s define a percentage of 25%:

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percentage_float = 25 / 100 percentage_int = 25 |

If you want to define the percentage as a decimal between 0 and 1, divide it by 100:

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percentage_decimal = 25 / 100 |

### Step 3: Performing Calculations with Percentages

Now that you’ve defined the percentage, you can perform calculations using this value. For example, suppose you have a fixed amount (e.g., a price) and want to calculate a discount or tax using a percentage.

To do this, multiply the percentage stored as a decimal by the amount:

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price = 100 discount = 25 # 25% discount discount_decimal = discount / 100 final_price = price * (1 - discount_decimal) # reduce the price by 25% |

### Step 4: Formatting and Displaying Percentage Values

Python provides built-in functions to represent a percentage as a string, which allows for easy formatting and displaying of percentages. To format your percentage for displaying, use the `format()`

function:

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formatted_percentage = "{:.2%}".format(percentage_decimal) print(formatted_percentage) # Output: 25.00% |

The `{:.2%}`

in the format string converts the number to a percentage and limits the output to two decimal places.

## Full Code

The following code demonstrates defining a percentage, performing calculations, and displaying the result as a formatted percentage:

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# Defining Percentage percentage_float = 25 / 100 percentage_int = 25 # Defining Decimal Percentage percentage_decimal = 25 / 100 # Performing calculations price = 100 discount = 25 discount_decimal = discount / 100 final_price = price * (1 - discount_decimal) # Formatting Percentage formatted_percentage = "{:.2%}".format(percentage_decimal) print(formatted_percentage) # Output: 25.00% |

## Conclusion

In this tutorial, you learned how to **define a percentage** in Python using both float and integer representations. Additionally, you learned how to perform calculations using percentages and how to format and display percentage values. Understanding these concepts will allow you to work with percentages in various ways, such as calculating discounts, taxes, and more.