How To Do Math In Python

Python is a powerful programming language with extensive library support, making it an excellent tool for mathematical operations.

In this tutorial, we will walk through a few basic math operations in Python such as arithmetic operations, exponentiation, and using built-in math functions and libraries.

Step 1: Arithmetic Operations

Python allows us to perform basic arithmetic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and modulo directly. Here’s how we do it:

Step 2: Exponentiation

Python has a built-in operator, **, for exponentiation, which allows us to raise a number to a given power:

Alternatively, we can use the built-in pow() function:

Step 3: Utilizing Built-In Math Functions

Python provides several built-in math functions that can be very useful for complex calculations. These functions include abs(), round(), max(), min(), and many others. Some examples:

Step 4: Using the Math Library

For more advanced mathematical functions, we can use the math library. This library provides a vast collection of functions, including trigonometry, logarithms, combinatorics, and many others. To use the math library, we need to import it first:

Now, we can use the various math functions available in this library:

The sum is: 7
The subtraction is: 5
The multiplication is: 6
The division is: 3.0
The modulo is: 2
The exponentiation is: 8
The exponentiation (using pow) is: 8
The absolute value is: 10
The rounded value is: 3.14
The maximum value is: 9
The minimum value is: 1
The square root is: 4
The factorial is: 120
The logarithm is: 2.0
The sine of 30 degrees is: 0.5


Now that we have covered some basic mathematical operations in Python, you should have a good foundation to start building more complex calculations and programs. By leveraging the built-in functions and the math library, you’ll be able to tackle even the most advanced mathematical problems with ease.