How To Find Mode Of A List In Python Without Inbuilt Function

In this tutorial, you will learn how to find the mode of a list in Python without using any inbuilt functions. The mode of a list is the value that appears most often in the list.

Calculating mode helps you identify the most common item in a dataset, which is a crucial aspect of statistical analysis.

While you can use Python’s statistics library to find the mode, this tutorial will guide you through creating a custom function to calculate the mode manually.

Step 1: Create a Python function

First, let’s create a function named find_mode() which accepts a list as its parameter.

Step 2: Calculate the frequency of each element in the list

In this step, we will iterate through the input list and calculate the frequency of each element using a dictionary. The keys of the dictionary will be the unique numbers from the input list, while the values will store the number of occurrences of each number.

Step 3: Find the mode using the maximum frequency

Now that we have the frequency of each element, we can find the mode by iterating through the dictionary and selecting the key(s) with the highest frequency value. If multiple keys have the same maximum frequency, we can store all of them as modes.

Step 4: Test your function

Let’s test your find_mode() function with an example list.

Full code:


Mode: [3]


Now you know how to find the mode of a list in Python without using any inbuilt functions.

This custom function provides you with a deeper understanding of how to determine the mode of a dataset by iterating through each element, using dictionaries to calculate frequencies, and finding the element(s) with the highest frequency.