How To Return Empty String In Python

In this tutorial, we will discuss how to return an empty string in Python. Returning an empty string means that you are returning a string with no characters, essentially a string of length 0.

This can be useful in several scenarios where you might want to handle cases when output is not available or when you prefer not to return any value at all.

Step 1: Returning an empty string from a function

One of the simplest ways to return an empty string from a function is by returning two single quotes with nothing in between them, like this:

In this example, calling example_function() will return an empty string:


example_function() -> ''

Step 2: Using an empty string as a default value

You can also use an empty string as a default value for function arguments. This is useful if you want to set a default behavior for a function when no input is provided:

In this example, calling greet() without any argument will result in a greeting for an anonymous user:


greet() -> 'Hello, anonymous!'
greet('John') -> 'Hello, John!'

Step 3: Using an empty string as a placeholder

An empty string can also be used as a placeholder in a loop or conditional statement if you don’t want to return any value for a specific case:

In this example, calling find_vowel() will return the first vowel found in a given word or an empty string if no vowels are present:


find_vowel('python') -> 'o'
find_vowel('rhythm') -> ''

Step 4: Creating an empty string using str()

Another way to create an empty string is by calling the str() function with no arguments. This can be useful in cases where you need to pass an empty string as an argument or return it from a function:


example_function() -> ''


This tutorial discussed how to return and create an empty string in Python using different techniques. We explored returning an empty string from a function, using it as a default value for function arguments, using it as a placeholder in loops and conditional statements, and creating an empty string using the built-in str() function.

Now you should have a better understanding of when and how to use empty strings in Python. Keep in mind that empty strings can be quite handy in certain programming scenarios, so don’t forget to consider them when you’re tackling a problem in Python.