Python offers various ways to perform different mathematical operations, and rounding down is one of them. In this tutorial, we will discuss how to round down numbers in Python using the **floor function**.

The floor function is part of the Python **math module**, which provides access to mathematical operations and functions. We will start by discussing the basic concepts and then move to step-by-step examples of how to use the floor function in Python to round down numbers.

### Step 1: Import the math module

To use the floor function, you need to import the **math module** at the beginning of your Python script. This module contains a variety of mathematical functions, including the floor function, which we’ll use to round down numbers.

To import the math module, you can use the following line of code:

1 |
import math |

### Step 2: Use the floor function to round down a number

Once you have imported the math module, you can use the **floor function** to round down numbers. The syntax for the floor function is:

1 |
math.floor(number) |

Where `number`

is the value you want to round down. The function will return the largest integer value that is less than or equal to the given number.

Here’s an example of how to use the floor function to round down a number:

1 2 3 4 5 6 |
import math number = 7.8 rounded_down_number = math.floor(number) print(rounded_down_number) |

7

The output is 7 because the largest integer that is less than or equal to 7.8 is 7.

### Step 3: Round down multiple numbers

If you want to round down multiple numbers, you can use a list to store these numbers and then loop through the list using a for loop.

Here’s an example of how to round down multiple numbers:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 |
import math numbers = [2.7, 9.8, 3.0, 5.5] rounded_down_numbers = [] for number in numbers: rounded_down_number = math.floor(number) rounded_down_numbers.append(rounded_down_number) print(rounded_down_numbers) |

[2, 9, 3, 5]

The output is a list of rounded-down numbers: [2, 9, 3, 5].

### Step 4: Use list comprehension to round down numbers

You can also use **list comprehension** to simplify the code in step 3. List comprehension is a concise way to create a new list in Python by iterating over an existing list.

Here’s an example of how to use list comprehension to round down multiple numbers:

1 2 3 4 5 6 |
import math numbers = [2.7, 9.8, 3.0, 5.5] rounded_down_numbers = [math.floor(number) for number in numbers] print(rounded_down_numbers) |

[2, 9, 3, 5]

In this example, we achieve the same result as in step 3, but with a shorter and more readable code.

## Full code

Here’s the complete code for the examples discussed above:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 |
import math # Example 1: Round down a single number number = 7.8 rounded_down_number = math.floor(number) print(rounded_down_number) # Example 2: Round down multiple numbers numbers = [2.7, 9.8, 3.0, 5.5] rounded_down_numbers = [] for number in numbers: rounded_down_number = math.floor(number) rounded_down_numbers.append(rounded_down_number) print(rounded_down_numbers) # Example 3: Round down multiple numbers using list comprehension numbers = [2.7, 9.8, 3.0, 5.5] rounded_down_numbers = [math.floor(number) for number in numbers] print(rounded_down_numbers) |

7 [2, 9, 3, 5] [2, 9, 3, 5]

## Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learned how to use the floor function from the math module in Python to round down numbers. We also discussed how to round down multiple numbers using a for loop and list comprehension. Now you should be able to use the floor function in your Python scripts to round down numbers as needed.