How To Save Data To A File In Python

In this tutorial, we will learn how to save data to a file using Python programming language.

File handling is an essential part of programming, as it allows us to store processed data, configuration settings, or user inputs for future usage.

Python provides a simple and flexible file-handling mechanism to make it easy for developers to work with files.

Python File Handling Terminology

  • File: A named location on disk to store related information. It is used to permanently store data in a non-volatile storage medium (e.g. hard disk).
  • File Handling: The process of performing operations on files, such as creating, reading, writing, and deleting.
  • File Object: An object that is created after opening a file, allowing you to perform operations on the file.

Step 1: Opening a File in Python

Before we can save data to a file, we need to open the file in Python. The open() function is used to open a file, which returns a file object. The syntax of the open() function is:

The filename is the name of the file you want to open, and the mode is a string that specifies how the file should be opened. The most common modes are:

  • r‘: Open the file for reading (default)
  • w‘: Open the file for writing. If the file already exists, its content will be overwritten
  • a‘: Open the file for appending. If the file already exists, new data will be written at the end of the file
  • x‘: Open the file for exclusive creation. If the file already exists, the operation will fail

In our case, we want to save data to a file, so we will use the ‘w’ mode.

Step 2: Saving Data to a File

Once a file is opened in write mode, you can save data to the file using the write() method. The syntax of the write() method is:

The data is the content that you want to write to the file. It must be a string.

For example, let’s save the text “Hello, World!” to a file called “example.txt”:

The close() method is used to close the file after finishing the operations. Closing the file is an essential step, as it ensures that any changes made to the file are saved and that resources are freed up.

Step 3: Using a Context Manager (with Statement)

Another way to open a file and ensure that it is closed properly is by using a context manager, which is the with statement. The with statement automatically takes care of closing the file after the block of code is executed. The syntax for using a context manager is:

Here is an example of saving data to a file using a context manager:

With this approach, you don’t need to call the close() method explicitly, as it is automatically called when the block of code is executed.

Full Code

Output (example.txt:)

Hello, World! This is an example of writing data to a file in Python.


In this tutorial, we have learned how to save data to a file in Python. We have covered how to open a file, write data to it, and close the file using both the standard way and the context manager (with statement).

This basic file-handling mechanism will come in handy for many programming tasks where you need to store or manipulate data persistently. Don’t forget to close the files after performing the necessary operations, as it ensures data integrity and resource management.