How To Add Variables In Python

In this tutorial, we will learn how to add and use variables in Python. Variables are containers for storing data such as text and numbers. They are essential for writing efficient and reusable code, allowing developers to manipulate and pass data easily. Let’s dive into the basics of using variables in Python.

Step 1: Declaration and assignment of variables

The process of creating a variable in Python is called a declaration. A declaration is often followed by an assignment, which is the process of assigning a value to the variable. In Python, variables are automatically created when you assign a value to them.

You do not need to specifically mention the data type of the variable when declaring it. Python is a dynamically typed language, meaning the data type is automatically determined based on the value assigned to the variable.

Here’s how to declare and assign a variable:

This creates a variable called my_variable and assigns a value of 5 to it. Now, you can use this variable throughout your code.

Step 2: Using variables in arithmetic operations

You can use variables to perform arithmetic operations, just like you would with numbers. Let’s add two variables together.

When you run this code, the output will be:


Similarly, you can perform subtraction, multiplication, division, and other arithmetic operations using variables.

Step 3: Concatenating string variables

Variables can also store string values. You can concatenate, or join together, two or more string variables using the + operator.

This code outputs:

John Doe

Step 4: Updating variables

You can update the value of a variable by assigning a new value to it. Let’s update the value of a variable and use it in an arithmetic operation.

The output will be:


This code assigns 10 to the variable x, then updates its value with x + 5, resulting in a new value of 15.

The full code

When you run the code, you will see the following output:

John Doe


Adding variables in Python is essential in writing efficient and maintainable code. Understanding how to declare, assign, and manipulate variables will enable you to build more complex and powerful programs.

In this tutorial, you’ve learned how to declare variables, use them in arithmetic operations and string concatenation, and update their values. Keep practicing and experimenting with variables in Python to further enhance your programming skills.